Whites, Racial and Imperial Loyalties, and Membership in Hawai‘i
Spickard expresses hesitation to speak definitively about Haoles (Whites) in Hawai‘i, but offers these thoughts. Every action by a Haole in Hawai‘i is framed by the history of colonialism, dispossession, and continuing racialized stratification of power, wealth, and opportunity. There are four kinds of Haoles in Hawai‘i. By far the majority are tourists and military people, both of whom, however much they may enjoy Hawai‘i, are not part of the fabric of local life. A second group is made up of longterm residents who retain a Haole identity, however much they may know about Hawaiian culture. There is a smaller group of genuine local Haoles, most of whom grew up in the islands, speak Pidgin at least some of the time, and adopt a local lifestyle and view of the world. The major divider between the local Haoles and the rest is the ultimate location of their loyalties—with the colonizers or with the colonized.
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