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Diaspora and IdentityJapanese Brazilians in Brazil and Japan$
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Mieko Nishida

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780824867935

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: May 2018

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824867935.001.0001

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Japanese Brazilians and Their Brazilian Identity in Japan

Japanese Brazilians and Their Brazilian Identity in Japan

(p.190) Chapter Seven Japanese Brazilians and Their Brazilian Identity in Japan
Diaspora and Identity

Mieko Nishida

University of Hawai'i Press

Within a year and half after the global recession began in September 2008, one quarter of Brazilian residents in Japan had returned to Brazil, which critically damaged the once thriving ethic Brazilian businesses in Japan’s Brazil Towns. Brazilian dekassegui workers largely married among themselves, and gender subordination often came to be reproduced and even strengthened in the Brazilian diaspora. Over the years, due to Japan’s prolonged recession, the Brazilian population in Japan came to be dispersed. Japanese Brazilians remaining in Japan became increasingly nationalistic as Brazilians, imagining their homeland for its bright future, with the World Cup (2014) and Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro (2016). While being positioned collectively as Brazilians, Japanese Brazilians have not come to form a homogenized Brazilian identity in Japan and continued to position themselves individually over “the face” and the definition of Nikkeiness.

Keywords:   Brazilian diaspora, Japan, Brazil Towns, Return, global recession

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