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Diaspora and IdentityJapanese Brazilians in Brazil and Japan$
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Mieko Nishida

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780824867935

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: May 2018

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824867935.001.0001

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Niseis, Sanseis, and Their Class-Gender Identity

Niseis, Sanseis, and Their Class-Gender Identity

(p.130) Chapter Five Niseis, Sanseis, and Their Class-Gender Identity
Diaspora and Identity

Mieko Nishida

University of Hawai'i Press

Born in the city during the 1950s and 1960s, Niseis and Sanseis [third-generation Japanese Brazilians] were expected to succeed as urban professionals, following the path of the older elite Nisei generation, who had advanced themselves as “special Japanese” in Brazilian society. By 1980, interracial marriage had become a norm among Japanese Brazilians, especially among men. They attempted to define themselves on their own terms, through the choice of careers, choice of marriage partners, and for certain political ideologies. While some educated Niseis, especially men, rigorously resisted what was expected of them as “Japanese” under the patriarchal rule for the family and “community,” many educated Nisei and Sansei women chose to remain single to become their parents’ caretakers and/or chose to work in Japan for dekassegui for the financial needs of their families. Meanwhile, the gendered pattern of Japanese Brazilians’ intermarriage has been reversed, with more women marrying out.

Keywords:   Nisei, Sansei, Intermarriage, Gender, Class, Patriarchy, dekassegui

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