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Diaspora and IdentityJapanese Brazilians in Brazil and Japan$
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Mieko Nishida

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780824867935

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: May 2018

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824867935.001.0001

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Immigration and Diaspora

Immigration and Diaspora

(p.18) Chapter One Immigration and Diaspora
Diaspora and Identity

Mieko Nishida

University of Hawai'i Press

Starting in 1908, Japanese immigrants arrived as coffee colonos in São Paulo state. Required to immigrate in family units, the Japanese settled down among themselves in rural São Paulo. In the 1930s and early 1940s they were challenged greatly by Brazilian nationalism under President Getúlio Vargas and the WWII, which ended prewar immigration in 1942. After the war, Japanese immigrants decided to stay on in Brazil and began to migrate to the city, whereas Japanese immigration was resumed in 1953. By 1980, Japanese Brazilians had moved up to urban middle classes, by means of higher education. Yet, due to Brazil’s hyperinflation, dekassegui started on a large scale in the mid-1980s, which resulted in the creation of Brazil Towns in central Japan. In June 2008, the centenary of Japanese immigration to Brazil was widely celebrated in Brazil but soon afterwards the global recession began to move Brazilians and their families in Japan back to their homeland.

Keywords:   Brazil, Japanese immigration, São Paulo, Family, diaspora, nationalism, postwar immigration, dekassegui, centenary

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