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Myanmar in the Fifteenth Century – A Tale of Two Kingdoms - Hawaii Scholarship Online
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Myanmar in the Fifteenth Century: A Tale of Two Kingdoms

Michael A. Aung-Thwin


When the kingdom of Pagan—representing the “classical state” and “golden age” of Myanmar—declined politically by the early fourteenth century, Upper Myanmar reconstituted itself into three smaller centers of power, each controlled by a minister of the old court, while Lower Myanmar, finally freed from Upper Myanmar’s hegemony, began the process of state formation for the first time. This transitional situation continued for the next half century until two new kingdoms emerged. In Upper Myanmar, it was the First Ava Dynasty and Kingdom in 1364 and in Lower Myanmar, the First Pegu Dynasty and Ki ... More

Keywords: upper Myanmar, lower Myanmar, decline of Pagan, First Ava Kingdom, First Pegu Kingdom, Naypyidaw, Yangon

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2017 Print ISBN-13: 9780824867836
Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: January 2018 DOI:10.21313/hawaii/9780824867836.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Michael A. Aung-Thwin, author
University of Hawai'i, Manoa