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Catholics and Anti-Catholicism in Choson Korea$
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Don Baker and Franklin Rausch

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780824866266

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824866266.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM HAWAII SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.hawaii.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Hawaii University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in HSO for personal use.date: 17 October 2021

Nationalism and Evaluations of Hwang Sayŏng and His Silk Letter

Nationalism and Evaluations of Hwang Sayŏng and His Silk Letter

(p.101) Chapter 5 Nationalism and Evaluations of Hwang Sayŏng and His Silk Letter
Catholics and Anti-Catholicism in Choson Korea

Don Baker

Franklin Rausch

University of Hawai'i Press

This chapter survey the controversy over Hwang Sayŏng and his Silk Letter today, focusing on whether he should be seen as a traitor or as a hero. I argue that such a dichotomy is anachronistic, since Hwang could not be a traitor since the modern notion of loyalty to a nation-state did not exist in Korea two centuries ago. Nor should he be praised as a fighter for religious freedom, since he did not know that concept, either. Instead, he needs to be understood in the context of his times. He was a Catholic living in a sino-centric Confucian country who wanted his country to switch its allegiance from China to Rome so that he could practice his religion without government interference.

Keywords:   nationalism, proto-nationalism, sino-centrism, persecution, controversy, anachronism, nation-state

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