Chapter Seven considers local folk explanations for wealth and poverty, development and underdevelopment, on Siquijor, probing the often tacit socio-economic ideals which underlie them. The chapter is divided into two overlapping sections: explanations for inequalities between people and explanations for (larger scale) inequalities between places. On Siquijor, these are different in important ways. The former incorporate luck, fate and hard work. However, the latter explanations, focusing on cooperation and its locally perceived opposites—“crab mentality,” politicking and corruption. On Siquijor, local discourses of development have it that widespread poverty in the Philippines demonstrates a failing of Filipinos to live up to supposedly universal norms of ethical socio-economic conduct. However, I argue that attention to local norms of moral economy reveal the ambivalence underlying these notions of development, particularly in relation to the roles of individualism and reciprocity in socio-economic organization.
Hawaii Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.
If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.
To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.