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Food and Power in Hawai'iVisions of Food Democracy$
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Aya Hirata Kimura and Krisnawati Suryanata

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780824858537

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: May 2017

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824858537.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM HAWAII SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.hawaii.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Hawaii University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in HSO for personal use.date: 27 October 2021

Is the Transgene a Grave?

Is the Transgene a Grave?

On the Place of Transgenic Papaya in Food Democracy in Hawai‘i

(p.116) 5 Is the Transgene a Grave?
Food and Power in Hawai'i

Neal K. Adolph Akatsuka

University of Hawai'i Press

This chapter examines the controversies that surround the introduction of transgenic papaya on Hawaii Island, in the wake of the devastation caused by the ring spot virus in the 1990s. It critically examines the respective positions of industry proponents and anti-GM activists, and cautions against the tendency of essentializing GM papayas as either a savior or harbinger of destruction. While both positions raise valid underlying concerns, they both tend to overlook the more difficult challenges of managing smallholder papaya industry in a global market. On the one hand, the benefits and costs of GM papayas are unevenly distributed. On the other hand, he sees a problem in anti-GMO activists’ push for “pure” agriculture, pointing out that the line between “pure” and “impure” and “natural” and “unnatural” are always ambiguous.

Keywords:   papaya, biotechnology, discourse, anti-GMO, ring-spot virus, purity

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