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Burnt by the SunThe Koreans of the Russian Far East$
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Jon K. Chang

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780824856786

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824856786.001.0001

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The Korean Deportation and Life in Central Asia, 1937–Early 1940s

The Korean Deportation and Life in Central Asia, 1937–Early 1940s

(p.151) Seven The Korean Deportation and Life in Central Asia, 1937–Early 1940s
Burnt by the Sun

Jon K. Chang

University of Hawai'i Press

Chapter 7 examines the Korean deportation and the Korean’s new lives in Central Asia. The Koreans began to be deported in late August 1937. The trip to Central Asia by train generally took one month. Around 25 or more people would be crammed into one train wagon for one month. Many of the elderly and young children and infants died on the way to Central Asia. Koreans in the border villages with Manchuria and Korea were given the option of going there instead in lieu of deportation. Some five to ten thousand Koreans took this alternative. However, if there had truly been Japanese spies, the USSR would not have allowed this. Some two thousand Koreans remained on North Sakhalin working on the Soviet-Japanese joint ventures extracting oil, gas, timber, minerals and other resources despite an order for a complete deportation. These joint ventures produced hard currency (paid by Japan for resources extracted) for the Soviet leaders in Moscow.

Keywords:   1937 deportation, Central Asia, North Sakhalin, 1925 Soviet-Japanese Convention, Soviet capitalism, Soviet elites, corruption, nomenklatura, Kremlin ration

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