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Burnt by the SunThe Koreans of the Russian Far East$
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Jon K. Chang

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780824856786

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824856786.001.0001

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Security Concerns Trumping Korenizatsiia, 1931–1937

Security Concerns Trumping Korenizatsiia, 1931–1937

(p.112) Six Security Concerns Trumping Korenizatsiia, 1931–1937
Burnt by the Sun

Jon K. Chang

University of Hawai'i Press

Chapter 6 covers the period 1931–1937. In 1931, Japan invaded Manchuria. This greatly increased Soviet fears of invasion and espionage being carried out in the Russian Far East. At the same time, Soviet Koreans were great in education and higher education. By the early 1930s, there were three institutes of higher education for Koreans and other institutes with Korean “sections” such as in Khabarovsk. In 1937, Raisa Nigai (who was interviewed) withdrew from the Nikolsk Ussuriisk Teacher’s College in anticipation of the deportation of Koreans. Nikolai Nigai, an NKVD officer began his work in the first phase of the deportation which consisted of arresting and sentencing some 2000 of the Soviet Korean elites and intellectuals. Afanasii A. Kim, the leader of the Soviet Koreans had been arrested earlier on January 1936. On 21 August 1937, the first resolution for the deportation of the Koreans was signed by Stalin and Molotov. Their deportation was part of the Great Terror.

Keywords:   Manchukuo, Japanese empire, NKVD, Korean NKVD officers, Stalin, 1937 deportation, Repression, Great Terror

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