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Burnt by the SunThe Koreans of the Russian Far East$
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Jon K. Chang

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780824856786

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824856786.001.0001

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Koreans Becoming a Soviet People, 1923–1930

Koreans Becoming a Soviet People, 1923–1930

Chapter:
(p.80) Five Koreans Becoming a Soviet People, 1923–1930
Source:
Burnt by the Sun
Author(s):

Jon K. Chang

Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:10.21313/hawaii/9780824856786.003.0005

From 1923 to 1930, we witnessed the first half of korenizatsiia, that is, Soviet indigenization for the national minorities. Already there were major attempts to dismantle this program. Vladimir Arsenev called for the total deportation of the Koreans in 1928. Comrade Geitsman called them “aliens” to Soviet socialism, even those Koreans who were Soviet citizens. However, this did not deter the Koreans. Khan Myon She, a local Soviet Korean leader called out local Communist Party leaders for “ethnic chauvinism.” He was soon replaced by Afanasii Kim. Young educated Korean activists in the organization INKORPORE battled for equal land and rights for Korean farmers and settlers. Several regiments of local Red Army including one regiment led by Pen Khva Kim fought for the Red Army during the brief Sino-Soviet War (1929).

Keywords:   korenizatsiia, Vladimir Arsenev, Comrade Geitsman, aliens to Soviet socialism, Korean activists, Sino-Soviet War of 1929

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