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Burnt by the SunThe Koreans of the Russian Far East$
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Jon K. Chang

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780824856786

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824856786.001.0001

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The RFE as a Frontier Melting Pot, 1863–1917

The RFE as a Frontier Melting Pot, 1863–1917

Chapter:
(p.9) Two The RFE as a Frontier Melting Pot, 1863–1917
Source:
Burnt by the Sun
Author(s):

Jon K. Chang

Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:10.21313/hawaii/9780824856786.003.0002

In 1897, there were approximately 57,000 Chinese and 26,000 Koreans counted in Russia’s census. The Chinese and Korean coolies, miners and other laborers were not a problem in themselves. However, Russian nationalist groups such as the Panslavists and the Slavophils considered that “Russian resources” were meant for Russians and saw the East Asians as a drain on their economy and resources. During the Second World War, over 1 million Poles, Jews and Germans from the Russian empire were branded as “internal enemies.” They had their business confiscated and were deported from western Russia to Siberia and other areas. Many Chinese in Russia at that time were labeled as “potential German spies” and deported outside of the Russian empire. Luckily, the Koreans were not affected by the First World War. Four thousand Koreans even served in the Russian Army during this war.

Keywords:   deportations, World War I, Chinese, Koreans, Coolies, Russian nationalism, Panslav nationalists, Slavophil nationalists

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