The survey and interviews were conducted from 1995 to 1997, with follow-up interviews in 2010 and 2011. Respondents, who ranged in age from twenties to eighties, were asked about their circumstances before marriage, when they had come with their husbands to the U.S., what their lives had been like in America, what had given them the most trouble, what they enjoyed, and how they viewed their lives today. Items in the questionnaire survey included age and birthplace, number of years in the U.S, adjustments to American life, marital history, education, employment, children, and future plans. More than half listed struggles with English as their biggest problem, with cultural differences second. Younger women had higher levels of education. Most women had worked, more older women as manual labourers in factories, and more younger women as office workers and Japanese language teachers. The most common job for all was waitressing in Japanese restaurants. Contrary to what is widely believed, the rate of their divorces was not especially high compared to divorce rates in Japan, while the rate of re-marriages was much higher. The majority said they intended to remain in the U.S., but some younger women considered returning to Okinawa.
Hawaii Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.
If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.
To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.