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Korea's Great Buddhist-Confucian DebateThe Treatises of Chong Tojon (Sambong) and Hamho Tuktong (Kihwa)$
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Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780824853808

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824853808.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM HAWAII SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.hawaii.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Hawaii University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in HSO for personal use.date: 18 September 2021

An Array of Critiques of Buddhism (Pulssi chappyŏn)

An Array of Critiques of Buddhism (Pulssi chappyŏn)

by Chŏng Tojŏn (Sambong)

(p.54) An Array of Critiques of Buddhism (Pulssi chappyŏn)
Korea's Great Buddhist-Confucian Debate
A. Charles Muller
University of Hawai'i Press

An annotated translation of the third of Chŏng Tojŏn's three major treatises that criticized Chan/Sŏn Buddhist doctrine and practice. In this extensive essay (his magnum opus), Chŏng, in nineteen chapters, assembles all the arguments made against Buddhism ranging from the time of its earliest importation in China up to his current time in the Koryŏ. These arguments range from relatively unsophisticated diatribes against Buddhism as being a "foreign" religion with unnatural, celibate, shaven-headed adherents, up to relatively sophisticated philosophical critiques derived from the writings of the Cheng brothers and Zhu Xi. Critiques also include issues related to real corruption and unhealthy relations with the rulership seen in the Buddhist saṃgha of the late Koryŏ period. There is no essay by a Confucian scholar in the history of East Asia that matches this as a critique of Buddhism in terms of comprehensiveness, organization, and rhetorical skill.

Keywords:   Han Yu, Zongmi, Cheng Hao, Cheng Yi, Chŏng Tojŏn, Kihwa, Buddhist-Confucian debate, Koryŏ, Chosŏn, Neo-Confucianism

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