- Title Pages
- A Note on Terminology
Chapter OnePrelude to Martial Law
Chapter TwoFinal War Planning for Hawai‘i, 1939–1941
Chapter ThreeImplementation of Martial Law and Military Government
Chapter FourLife under General Orders
Chapter FiveControl of Labor
Chapter Six“Drum-head Justice”?
Chapter Seven“An Extreme Degree of Fear”
Chapter EightSelective Detention and Removal
Chapter NineDetermining Loyalty
Chapter TenThe Fate of the Detainees
Chapter ElevenAlarms and Responses
Chapter Twelve“Delineation” and Restoration, 1942–1943
Chapter ThirteenThe Habeas Corpus Cases
Chapter FourteenNew Habeas Cases
Chapter FifteenRising Protests
Chapter SixteenThe Termination of Martial Law
Chapter SeventeenThe Duncan and White Cases
Chapter EighteenWar’s Aftermath and the Courts
- A Note on Sources
- About the Authors
- (p.287) Chapter Fifteen Rising Protests
- Bayonets in Paradise
Harry N. Scheiber
Jane L. Scheiber
- University of Hawai'i Press
There was rising criticism in 1944 of martial law’s continuation for so long after any threat of renewed attack on Hawai`i had greatly diminished. Governor Stainback and the Interior and Justice Departments continued their pressures on the War Department; the Hawai`i Bar Association adopted a resolution calling for termination of the Army regime. Hawai`’s congressional delegate Joseph Farrington and other leaders were now worried (not without warrant) that the Army leaders were planning to use martial law as a lever for displacing civilian control on a long-term basis when the war had ended. Still, General Richardson and his Executive, General Robert Morrison, backed by the plantation owners and other elite business figures, continued to insist that provost courts and stringent military control over the labor force were essential to security. Until July 1944, Richardson also resisted giving up the title “Military Governor,” which was abhorrent to the civilian officials.
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