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Bayonets in ParadiseMartial Law in Hawai'i during World War II$
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Harry N. Scheiber and Jane L. Scheiber

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780824852887

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824852887.001.0001

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“An Extreme Degree of Fear”

“An Extreme Degree of Fear”

Chapter:
(p.117) Chapter Seven “An Extreme Degree of Fear”
Source:
Bayonets in Paradise
Author(s):

Harry N. Scheiber

Jane L. Scheiber

Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:10.21313/hawaii/9780824852887.003.0008

While martial law curtailed the civil liberties of all civilians, special restrictions applied to persons of Japanese ancestry, whose uncertain loyalty was the alleged justification for martial law. (Korean Americans were also subjected to some of these restrictions.) These restrictions, especially those governing aliens, affected where the Nikkei could live and work. Combined with widespread rumors about fifth column activities (all denied by the FBI) and the detention of their leaders, the race-based regulations left the ethnic Japanese in a state of fear—fear of losing their jobs, of arrest and incarceration, and of retaliation from other elements of the population. Japanese Americans were further demoralized by being dismissed from the Hawai`i Territorial Guard and, prior to February 1943, by being ineligible for enlisting in the armed services.

Keywords:   Delos Emmons, Nikkei, Kibei, racial profiling, internment

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