- Title Pages
- A Note on Terminology
Chapter OnePrelude to Martial Law
Chapter TwoFinal War Planning for Hawai‘i, 1939–1941
Chapter ThreeImplementation of Martial Law and Military Government
Chapter FourLife under General Orders
Chapter FiveControl of Labor
Chapter Six“Drum-head Justice”?
Chapter Seven“An Extreme Degree of Fear”
Chapter EightSelective Detention and Removal
Chapter NineDetermining Loyalty
Chapter TenThe Fate of the Detainees
Chapter ElevenAlarms and Responses
Chapter Twelve“Delineation” and Restoration, 1942–1943
Chapter ThirteenThe Habeas Corpus Cases
Chapter FourteenNew Habeas Cases
Chapter FifteenRising Protests
Chapter SixteenThe Termination of Martial Law
Chapter SeventeenThe Duncan and White Cases
Chapter EighteenWar’s Aftermath and the Courts
- A Note on Sources
- About the Authors
Control of Labor
Control of Labor
- (p.80) Chapter Five Control of Labor
- Bayonets in Paradise
Harry N. Scheiber
Jane L. Scheiber
- University of Hawai'i Press
Labor—so essential to the war effort—was strictly regulated: Workers were frozen to their jobs, wages were controlled, absenteeism was made a criminal offense, and unemployed workers had to accept jobs where they were assigned—a form of involuntary servitude, in the eyes of critics. The Army favored the plantation owners and big business, and the nascent labor organizations suffered setbacks. Control of labor was a major source of contention between the champions of civilian authority (Secretary of the Interior Harold Ickes and Poindexter’s successor, Governor Ingram Stainback) and the military (Assistant Secretary of War McCloy and the Military Governor). A compromise that went into effect in March 1943 allocated control of non-defense labor to Stainback, but the Army maintained control of the approximately 50 percent of the labor force associated with defense. Finally, in summer 1944, a unified civilian War Manpower Commission took charge of labor.
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