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Bayonets in ParadiseMartial Law in Hawai'i during World War II$
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Harry N. Scheiber and Jane L. Scheiber

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780824852887

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824852887.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM HAWAII SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.hawaii.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Hawaii University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in HSO for personal use.date: 22 October 2021

Control of Labor

Control of Labor

(p.80) Chapter Five Control of Labor
Bayonets in Paradise

Harry N. Scheiber

Jane L. Scheiber

University of Hawai'i Press

Labor—so essential to the war effort—was strictly regulated: Workers were frozen to their jobs, wages were controlled, absenteeism was made a criminal offense, and unemployed workers had to accept jobs where they were assigned—a form of involuntary servitude, in the eyes of critics. The Army favored the plantation owners and big business, and the nascent labor organizations suffered setbacks. Control of labor was a major source of contention between the champions of civilian authority (Secretary of the Interior Harold Ickes and Poindexter’s successor, Governor Ingram Stainback) and the military (Assistant Secretary of War McCloy and the Military Governor). A compromise that went into effect in March 1943 allocated control of non-defense labor to Stainback, but the Army maintained control of the approximately 50 percent of the labor force associated with defense. Finally, in summer 1944, a unified civilian War Manpower Commission took charge of labor.

Keywords:   labor, labor unions, martial law, War Manpower Commission

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