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Bayonets in ParadiseMartial Law in Hawai'i during World War II$
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Harry N. Scheiber and Jane L. Scheiber

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780824852887

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824852887.001.0001

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Final War Planning for Hawai‘i, 1939–1941

Final War Planning for Hawai‘i, 1939–1941

Martial Law and Selective Internment

(p.22) Chapter Two Final War Planning for Hawai‘i, 1939–1941
Bayonets in Paradise

Harry N. Scheiber

Jane L. Scheiber

University of Hawai'i Press

In the years leading up to the war, the Chief of Staff for Military Intelligence was charged with guarding against subversion among the civilian population and encouraging loyalty to the United States.Starting in 1939, the FBI cooperated with Army and Navy Intelligence to prepare detention lists of the leaders of the Nikkei community: all consular agents, Buddhist and Shinto priests, Japanese language school teachers, and select business and intellectual leaders. The Army’s legal branch, meanwhile, prepared drafts of general orders to govern civilians in case of martial law, and the territorial legislature passed the Hawai‘i Defense Act on October 3, 1941. This mea sure granted the governor authority to exercise unparalleled powers in case of a military emergency, with only minimal safeguards for individual rights.

Keywords:   Japanese Americans, Nikkei, Issei, Nisei, security, detention, Organic Act, Americanization, Joseph Poindexter, enemy aliens

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