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Sea Rovers, Silver, and SamuraiMaritime East Asia in Global History, 1550-1700$
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Tonio Andrade and Xing Hang

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780824852764

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824852764.001.0001

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The Zheng Regime and the Tokugawa Bakufu

The Zheng Regime and the Tokugawa Bakufu

Asking for Japanese Intervention

(p.156) Seven The Zheng Regime and the Tokugawa Bakufu
Sea Rovers, Silver, and Samurai

Patrizia Carioti

University of Hawai'i Press

This chapter examines how the Zheng maritime organization used its commercial influence over Japan as a political instrument to pressure the Tokugawa bakufu (shogunate) to intervene in the Ming–Qing transition and gain military support for the loyalist side. The Zheng regime's relationship with Tokugawa Japan was an intrinsic part of the history of Zheng power itself and affected not only the economic, political, and military aspects of the Zheng organization but also the personal, familial, and cultural context of the lives of Zheng Zhilong and Zheng Chenggong. This chapter first considers Nagasaki's role in the intercourse between the Zheng regime and the Tokugawa bakufu, and in Japanese foreign policy more generally. It then discusses the ambiguity of the bakufu's approach regarding the intercourse between the Zheng and the Tokugawa leadership. It also looks at the numerous appeals dispatched by the Zheng and Ming Loyalists to Japan during the years 1647–1649 in hopes of obtaining a guarantee of Tokugawa military involvement on their side, or at least Japanese financial support for organizing a counterattack against the Manchus.

Keywords:   foreign policy, Zheng regime, Japan, Tokugawa bakufu, Ming–Qing transition, Zheng Zhilong, Nagasaki, Ming Loyalists, Manchus

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