In the conclusion I summarize my findings and place them in a framework that allows for future analyses of the relationship between Rapa Nui and Chile. The Chilean nation-state is one of the main players in this story. I examine the principal characteristics of this relationship. This is followed by a revision of the various facets of Rapanui cultural politics of identity, as discussed throughout the narrative. The main question is if cultural politics make political sense. A review of Rapanui concepts about land and territory, their kaiŋa, the preservation of their vanaŋa, multiple expressions of their material and performative culture, shows how they are connected to the realm of the political. The connection between cultural identity and the political has thus been amply demonstrated. This connection has changed the paradigm of integration into the nation-state towards one of self-determination, which the Rapanui have been pursuing over the last decades. The validity of the concept of nation-state, as we know it, can then be put into question.
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