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Diaspora and Nation in the Indian OceanTransnational Histories of Race and Urban Space in Tanzania$
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Ned Bertz

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780824851552

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824851552.001.0001

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Building Colonial Schools and Constructing Race

Building Colonial Schools and Constructing Race

(p.61) Chapter Two Building Colonial Schools and Constructing Race
Diaspora and Nation in the Indian Ocean

Ned Bertz

University of Hawai'i Press

Competing ideas about race shaped urban schools in Tanganyika from the 1920s up to the 1950s. The British empire’s colonial administrators perceived a substantive racial difference among the territory’s diverse urban populations, especially given the presence of an Indian Ocean diaspora, and took political advantage by building a segregated tripartite—and unequal, with Europeans on top—educational system that led to inequities and deepening understandings of racial difference. Indian and African groups challenged elements of colonial educational practices, but in so doing largely had to work through categories established by the government. Certain Indian organizations contributed to the maintenance of separate systems of education through political struggles to retain or expand community educational privileges. The initially deeply divided Indian communities started to form a more coherent diasporic political identity, assisted in part by availing of Indian Ocean transcolonial networks that enabled the importation of teachers and educational materials from India.

Keywords:   Tanganyika, Africa, education, schools, race, diaspora, colonialism, British empire, Indian Ocean, India

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