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Domination and ResistanceThe United States and the Marshall Islands during the Cold War$
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Martha Smith-Norris

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780824847623

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824847623.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM HAWAII SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.hawaii.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Hawaii University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in HSO for personal use.date: 16 September 2021

Negotiating a Cold War Treaty

Negotiating a Cold War Treaty

The United States, the Marshall Islands, and the Compact of Free Association

(p.125) Chapter Five Negotiating a Cold War Treaty
Domination and Resistance

Martha Smith-Norris

University of Hawai'i Press

Chapter Five explains why the United States and the Marshall Islands signed the Compact of Free Association. It emphasizes the continuing power and authority of the US in the region and the various forms of resistance practised by the Marshallese during the Compact negotiations. Whereas the Compact granted the Marshall Islanders greater self-government, financial assistance, and a mechanism to settle nuclear claims, the United States maintained its full authority for security and defense matters in the region. With the renewal of the Cold War in the early 1980s, the chapter argues, the US was determined to preserve its missile testing range at Kwajalein and, at the same time, dominate the area by keeping the USSR out of the Marshall Islands. Although Washington heralded the Compact as an achievement in self-determination, the chapter concludes that the US signed the agreement primarily to protect, and enhance, its strategic interests in the Pacific.

Keywords:   Compact of Free Association, United States, Marshall Islands, Kwajalein, missile testing, strategic interests, resistance, negotiations, self-government, domination

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