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Domination and ResistanceThe United States and the Marshall Islands during the Cold War$
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Martha Smith-Norris

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780824847623

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824847623.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM HAWAII SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.hawaii.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Hawaii University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in HSO for personal use.date: 18 October 2021

US Missile Testing and the Creation of a Pacific Slum

US Missile Testing and the Creation of a Pacific Slum

The Kwajalein Missile Range and the Island of Ebeye

Chapter:
(p.103) Chapter Four US Missile Testing and the Creation of a Pacific Slum
Source:
Domination and Resistance
Author(s):

Martha Smith-Norris

Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:10.21313/hawaii/9780824847623.003.0005

Chapter Four analyses the origins and implications of the US decision to create and maintain a large missile testing range on Kwajalein Atoll. It provides context to explain why the United States decided to test intercontinental ballistic missiles and anti-ballistic missile systems at Kwajalein during the Cold War. The chapter also describes the environmental implications of these missile experiments on Kwajalein and the displacement of the people to the smaller island of Ebeye. Relatedly, the chapter documents the deleterious health situation on Ebeye and that community’s attempts to persuade the US to improve the medical care and living conditions on the island. As well, it highlights the various protest actions, including “sail-ins” and “sit-ins,” utilized by the islanders to pressure Washington to provide more adequate financial terms for the use of Kwajalein as a missile testing range.

Keywords:   United States, Kwajalein Atoll, missile testing range, intercontinental ballistic missiles, anti-ballistic missile, environmental implications, displacement, Ebeye, health situation, protest actions

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