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Domination and ResistanceThe United States and the Marshall Islands during the Cold War$
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Martha Smith-Norris

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780824847623

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824847623.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM HAWAII SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.hawaii.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Hawaii University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in HSO for personal use.date: 27 October 2021

US Nuclear Experiments and the Bikinians

US Nuclear Experiments and the Bikinians

The “Nuclear Nomads” Revisited

(p.43) Chapter Two US Nuclear Experiments and the Bikinians
Domination and Resistance

Martha Smith-Norris

University of Hawai'i Press

Chapter Two explains why the United States decided to test 23 nuclear weapons at Bikini Atoll between 1946 and 1958. It also discusses the effects and implications of the US testing program on Bikini. More specifically, it examines the consequences of the US decision to remove the Bikinians to other atolls (Kwajalein, Rongerik, and Kili) and the health and environmental conditions experienced by the community as a result of their prolonged displacement. As well, this chapter discusses the Bikinians’ role as research subjects during their ill-fated return to Bikini in 1969, and their second exodus from the contaminated atoll in 1978. In addition, it emphasizes the Bikinians’ protest against the United States — in the form of petitions, council meetings, letters, telegrams, and lawsuits — and their ongoing attempts to gain adequate compensation from Washington.

Keywords:   Bikini Atoll, health hazards, environmental conditions, displacement, research subjects, protest, compensation, Rongerik, Kili, US testing program

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