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Domination and ResistanceThe United States and the Marshall Islands during the Cold War$
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Martha Smith-Norris

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780824847623

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824847623.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM HAWAII SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.hawaii.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Hawaii University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in HSO for personal use.date: 26 November 2021

American Cold War Policies and the Enewetakese

American Cold War Policies and the Enewetakese

Community Displacement, Environmental Degradation, and Indigenous Resistance

(p.16) Chapter One American Cold War Policies and the Enewetakese
Domination and Resistance

Martha Smith-Norris

University of Hawai'i Press

Chapter One provides the Cold War context of the US nuclear testing program in the Marshalls. The chapter also examines the environmental consequences of the 43 nuclear tests carried out by the Americans on Enewetak Atoll between 1948 and 1958. As well, it discusses the twelve less well-known chemical explosions conducted by the US from 1971 until 1973. Additionally, this chapter describes the removal of the Enewetakese to nearby Ujelang and the difficulties they experienced living in exile for more than three decades. As well, it analyses challenges faced by the islanders on their return to the contaminated atoll in 1980 and their concerns about the radioactive waste site on the island of Runit. Finally, this chapter highlights various forms of Enewetakese resistance such as petitions and lawsuits and their attempts to gain compensation from the US Congress for the extensive ecological damage caused by the nuclear and chemical tests.

Keywords:   Cold War context, nuclear tests, Marshalls, U.S., Enewetak Atoll, Ujelang, Runit, resistance, compensation, environmental consequences

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