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The UprootedRace, Children, and Imperialism in French Indochina, 1890-1980$
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Christina Elizabeth Firpo

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780824847579

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824847579.001.0001

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The Great Depression and Centralization, 1929–1938

The Great Depression and Centralization, 1929–1938

(p.61) 3 The Great Depression and Centralization, 1929–1938
The Uprooted

Christina Elizabeth Firpo

University of Hawai'i Press

During the Great Depression, mass poverty led the French government and indigenous charities to develop poverty relief programs, including childcare institutions. As institutionalized childcare became normalized, an influx of mothers of métis children began requesting aid. Protection society orphanages of the 1930s swelled with wards. Meanwhile, an organization called Les Français d’Indochine criticized the colonial state for failing to extend French privileges to non-recognized métis and pressured the state to increase aid for fatherless metis children. In 1939, the colonial government opened the Jules Brévié Foundation for fatherless metis children and established a military school called the École des Enfants de Troupe Eurasiens.

Keywords:   Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, Indochina, Race, Imperialism, Children, Motherhood, France, orphan, Eurasian, métis, whiteness, Great Depression

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