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Yasukuni ShrineHistory, Memory, and Japan's Unending Postwar$
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Akiko Takenaka

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780824846787

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824846787.001.0001

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Who has the Right to Mourn?

Who has the Right to Mourn?

Politics of Enshrinement at Yasukuni Shrine

(p.131) Five Who has the Right to Mourn?
Yasukuni Shrine

Akiko Takenaka

University of Hawai'i Press

Chapter 5 focuses on postwar attempts to have names of the dead removed from the Yasukuni register. In particular, I examine a recent lawsuit filed by Okinawans at the Naha District Court (Okinawa) in October 2010, seeking the removal of civilian deaths from the register. I also touch upon similar legal suits filed by Korean and Taiwanese families whose members are memorialized at Yasukuni Shrine against their will. The cases focus on Article 20 of the Japanese Constitution that guarantees freedom of religion: does Yasukuni Shrine’s memorialization of the war dead interfere with freedom of religion guaranteed to the family members of those memorialized? Through a close examination of the deliberations, I also consider the concept of mourning (tsuitō) a public death.

Keywords:   Supreme Commander of the Allied Powers (SCAP), Shinto Directive, Constitution of Japan, izoku (war-bereaved military families), Yasukuni Shrine Bill, Class A war criminals, War-Injured and War-Bereaved Families Act (Senshōbyōsha Senbotsusha Izoku-tō Engohō), Okinawa, freedom of religion, freedom of mourning

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