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Yasukuni ShrineHistory, Memory, and Japan's Unending Postwar$
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Akiko Takenaka

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780824846787

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824846787.001.0001

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Networks of Grief and Pride

Networks of Grief and Pride

Yasukuni Shrine in Regional Japan

Chapter:
(p.74) Three Networks of Grief and Pride
Source:
Yasukuni Shrine
Author(s):

Akiko Takenaka

Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:10.21313/hawaii/9780824846787.003.0004

Chapter 3 examines the popularization of beliefs associated with Yasukuni Shrine in areas far from Tokyo. Two concepts played a key role in the nationalization of the Yasukuni myth. One was the establishment of a parallel structure between the family and the nation state. Just as all family members were to respect and obey the father as its head following the Confucian ideal, all Japanese were instructed to consider their nation as one family with the emperor at the head to whom they were to demonstrate utmost respect and obedience. Another discourse, more closely associated with Yasukuni Shrine, was the mobilization of the concept of eirei (honorable spirit) to urge ultimate reverence for those memorialized at the shrine. The dissemination of these ideas was a comprehensive undertaking that involved multiple venues including education, mass media and local rituals, as well as the Imperial Rescript on Education and the Meiji Constitution.

Keywords:   gokoku jinja (nation protecting shrine), war memorials, conscription, public funerals, elementary school education, imperial portrait, ie system, eirei

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