Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Conceiving the Indian Buddhist Patriarchs in China$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Stuart H. Young

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780824841201

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824841201.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM HAWAII SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.hawaii.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Hawaii University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in HSO for personal use.date: 26 January 2020

An Indian Lineage Severed

An Indian Lineage Severed

(p.67) 2 An Indian Lineage Severed
Conceiving the Indian Buddhist Patriarchs in China

Stuart H. Young

University of Hawai'i Press

Chapter 2 illustrates a seismic shift in Chinese representations of post-parinirvāṇa Indian Buddhism and thus conceptions of Buddhist sainthood in a world without a Buddha. While Kumārajīva’s associates advanced a cyclical model of Indian Buddhist history, the sources examined in this chapter instead depicted Aśvaghoṣa, Nāgārjuna, and Āryadeva standing in long lines of Indian patriarchs who together upheld the Dharma after Śākyamuni. Because this Indian lineage was reportedly severed before extending to China, I argue that it served to advance a soteriology of absence akin to that of the Lotus Sūtra. Then, in a sixth-century cave site that includes a sculpted representation of the Indian lineage, this message was both perpetuated and nullified. On the one hand, this cave depicted the Indian patriarchs as long-departed exemplars of Buddhist sainthood. And on the other hand, it rendered them as immanent presences that could be engaged directly through the cave’s ritual program.

Keywords:   Aśvaghoṣa, Nāgārjuna, Āryadeva, Fu fazang zhuan 付法藏傳 (Tradition of the Dharma-Treasury Transmission), Dazhusheng ku 大住聖窟 (Cave of Great Perduring Saints), eschatology

Hawaii Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.