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The International MinimumCreativity and Contradiction in Japan's Global Engagement, 1933-1964$
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Jessamyn R. Abel

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780824841072

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824841072.001.0001

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Postwar Refractions

Postwar Refractions

The United Nations and the New Japan

Chapter:
(p.54) 2 Postwar Refractions
Source:
The International Minimum
Author(s):

Jessamyn R. Abel

Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:10.21313/hawaii/9780824841072.003.0003

The wartime persistence of internationalist thinking contributed to the quick acceptance in the immediate postwar years of the new United Nations, which in terms of its principles and ideals represented not a sharp turn, but in many ways a continuation of ideas that educators and foreign policy experts and practitioners, even at the highest levels of government, had promoted throughout the war. Over the decade between the establishment of the UN and Japan’s accession, changes in domestic Japanese politics and views of the organization led to a division within the broad Japanese support for the organization between pro-American conservatives who favored remilitarization and close alliance with the United States within the context of UN membership and pacifists opposed to remilitarization and insisting on a posture of neutrality and independence from the U.S. But both sides aimed at world peace through cooperation with the international organization.

Keywords:   United Nations, “peace constitution”, Article 9, pacifism, remilitarization, internationalism

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