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Urbanizing China in War and PeaceThe Case of Wuxi County$
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Toby Lincoln

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780824841003

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824841003.001.0001

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A Militarized Environment

A Militarized Environment

Japanese Impact on Daily Life

(p.163) Chapter Nine A Militarized Environment
Urbanizing China in War and Peace

Toby Lincoln

University of Hawai'i Press

While Chinese were responsible for the urbanization of Wuxi during the occupation, the Japanese had the power to impose themselves militarily on the city and the countryside. This is the subject of the final chapter. The Japanese locked down the city after the assassination of the magistrate Yang Shoutong in 1940, but speeches at his memorial service illustrate that local officials were motivated in their actions by pre-war discourses of development. The following year, the Japanese gained control of the countryside during the qingxiang campaigns. Barbed wire, watch towers, and identity cards were part of a military infrastructure that shaped the built environment in the city and the countryside. This illustrates that wartime provided a context for continued urbanization, just as economic and political processes had done during peacetime, and continued to do so throughout the Japanese occupation.

Keywords:   Qingxiang campaign, New Fourth Army, magistrate, funeral, Anzhen

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