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Abundance and ResilienceFarming and Foraging in Ancient Kaua'i$
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Julie S. Field and Michael W. Graves

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780824839895

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824839895.001.0001

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Shell, Bone, and Invertebrate Ornaments from Nu‘alolo Kai

Shell, Bone, and Invertebrate Ornaments from Nu‘alolo Kai

(p.156) Chapter 9 Shell, Bone, and Invertebrate Ornaments from Nu‘alolo Kai
Abundance and Resilience

Julie S. Field

Windy K. McElroy

University of Hawai'i Press

This chapter examines artifacts of shell, bone, and invertebrate ornaments from Nuʻalolo Kai. The ornaments from the Bishop Museum's 1958–1964 archaeological excavations at Nuʻalolo Kai total almost 650 items, making it the largest known archaeological collection from Hawaiʻi. Made primarily from marine shell, bone, ivory, and mammal tooth, the collection has the potential to offer important insights into the diversity of ornamentation, especially the use of animal-derived materials. Several artifacts retain their original fiber cordage. This chapter provides a classification and analysis of beads and pendants made from shell, bone, tooth, and echinoderm spine from Nuʻalolo Kai. The artifacts include shell ornaments, dog tooth ornaments, pig tooth ornaments, and whale ivory ornaments. The chapter also discusses ornamentation throughout the history of Nuʻalolo Kai.

Keywords:   shell bone, ornaments, Nuʻalolo Kai, ivory, mammal tooth, ornamentation, beads, pendants

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