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Abundance and ResilienceFarming and Foraging in Ancient Kaua'i$
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Julie S. Field and Michael W. Graves

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780824839895

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824839895.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM HAWAII SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.hawaii.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Hawaii University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in HSO for personal use.date: 26 October 2021

Avifauna from Nu‘alolo Kai

Avifauna from Nu‘alolo Kai

(p.75) Chapter 6 Avifauna from Nu‘alolo Kai
Abundance and Resilience

Kelley S. Esh

University of Hawai'i Press

This chapter examines the avifaunal assemblage from archaeological excavations at Nuʻalolo Kai. The use of evolutionary ecological models to archaeological data (that is, animal bone) is a well-established method for understanding change over time, human interaction with the environment, and the process of resource depression and intensification in prehistory. While a variety of studies utilizing evolutionary ecology have focused on Pacific ichthyofauna, very few have focused on avifauna. This chapter first provides a description of the avifaunal assemblage from Nuʻalolo Kai before analyzing the bird species identified from the assemblage, including brown noddy, black-crowned night heron, and wedge-tailed shearwater. It also considers both human and nonhuman modification of bird bone, various hunting methods that were recorded ethnographically for catching seabirds, temporal changes in resource utilization of seabirds and in seabird exploitation, and temporal change in bird bone tools. The chapter concludes with a discussion of modified vs. unmodified bird bone.

Keywords:   avifauna, archaeological excavations, Nuʻalolo Kai, avifaunal assemblage, bird bone, bird species, modification, hunting, seabird, resource utilization

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