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Kua'aina KahikoLife and Land in Ancient Kahikinui, Maui$
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Patrick Vinton Kirch

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780824839550

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824839550.001.0001

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Stones Stacked upon Stones

Stones Stacked upon Stones

Chapter:
(p.61) 5 Stones Stacked upon Stones
Source:
Kua'aina Kahiko
Author(s):

Patrick Vinton Kirch

Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:10.21313/hawaii/9780824839550.003.0005

This chapter describes Hawaii’s stone architectural constructions. The ancient Hawaiians continually modified and rearranged their landscapes by clearing and leveling small patches of earth, building up stone retaining walls to hold the terraces in place, stacking cobbles and boulders to make walls of many sizes and configurations, and piling up rocks to form platforms and terraces as foundations for houses and temples. Stones stacked upon stones: in many ways that is the essence of Hawaiian archaeology. After centuries of such activity, the lower-elevation landscapes of all the Hawaiian Islands have been intensively modified. In valleys with ample streamflow, slopes were converted to ranks of stone-faced terraces for irrigating taro. On the drier leeward landscapes such as in Kohala and Kona on Hawaii Island, vast areas were covered in reticulate grids of low stone walls and embankments, defining farming plots. The chapter also discusses the stacked-stone architecture that make up the archaeological landscape of Kahikinui.

Keywords:   Hawaii, archeological surveys, archeological sites, stone constructions, stone structures, Kahikinui

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