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Kua'aina KahikoLife and Land in Ancient Kahikinui, Maui$
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Patrick Vinton Kirch

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780824839550

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824839550.001.0001

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Paiko’s Windmill

Paiko’s Windmill

Chapter:
(p.242) 17 Paiko’s Windmill
Source:
Kua'aina Kahiko
Author(s):

Patrick Vinton Kirch

Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:10.21313/hawaii/9780824839550.003.0017

This chapter focuses on an individual known as Paiko. Manuel Pico came to the islands on a whaling ship, possibly in the 1840s. He hailed from the island of Pico in the Azores, and hence was called Manuel do Pico; this was later Hawaiianized as Paiko. He had obtained a lease to run cattle over the lands of Kahikinui from the Hawaiian Kingdom in 1876; had constructed windmills and water troughs; and had built some kind of ranch establishment at the site of Kahikinui House. Paiko and his cowboys eventually gained control of the ancestral lands of the people of Kahikinui, running several thousand head of cattle over the ridges and swales that once produced abundant crops of sweet potatoes and dryland taro. The freshwater springs running in lava tubes below Lualaʻilua and at Kahawaihapapa were tapped by windmill-driven pumps to water the thirsty herds. Families were forced to abandon their village and within a few years the land of Laʻamaikahiki, no longer reverberated with the sound of Hawaiian voice, chant, and song.

Keywords:   Paiko, Manuel Pico, cattle, Hawaii, Kahikinui, ancestral lands

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