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Kua'aina KahikoLife and Land in Ancient Kahikinui, Maui$
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Patrick Vinton Kirch

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780824839550

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824839550.001.0001

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The Catechist of St. Ynez

The Catechist of St. Ynez

(p.229) 16 The Catechist of St. Ynez
Kua'aina Kahiko

Patrick Vinton Kirch

University of Hawai'i Press

This chapter first discusses the tumultuous religious and cultural changes that swept through Hawaii in the early nineteenth century, reaching even into remote moku such as Kahikinui. It then turns to the excavation of site KIP-728, which revealed a Hawaiian temple or heiau that was converted into a commoner residence, occupied by someone during the middle of the nineteenth century. This was a first in Hawaiian archaeology. To perform such an act of desacralization would have been highly unusual. Who would have carried out such a bold act, and why? The answer lies in the history of the two Native Hawaiian catechists Helio Kaiwiloa (or Kaoeloa) and Simeon Kaoao. There can be little doubt that it was one of these fervent converts who carried out the purposeful desecration of this heiau and its conversion to a dwelling.

Keywords:   Hawaii, Kahikinui, cathechists, Helio Kaiwiloa, Kaoeloa, Simeon Kaoao, heiau, temple, dwelling

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