Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Kua'aina KahikoLife and Land in Ancient Kahikinui, Maui$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Patrick Vinton Kirch

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780824839550

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824839550.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM HAWAII SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.hawaii.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Hawaii University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in HSO for personal use.date: 02 July 2022

Seasons of the Gods

Seasons of the Gods

(p.192) 14 Seasons of the Gods
Kua'aina Kahiko

Patrick Vinton Kirch

University of Hawai'i Press

This chapter describes the author’s examination of the positions and locations of heiau in Kahikinui. He observed that temple sites fell into three clusters. Most common were heiau that faced east; many of these had spectacular viewsheds toward distant Kaupō. A second cluster faced northeast, between about 64 and 73 degrees on the compass. The third cluster faced north; in Kahikinui this is toward the summit ridgeline of Haleakalā. He theorized that each orientation cluster was associated with a particular deity. Temples with east orientations were associated with Kāne, who was strongly linked with the sun and the east. Two astronomical phenomena may have determined the orientation of the temples that faced the northeast: the acronical rising of the star cluster Pleiades just after sunset, which was crucial to the onset of the Makahiki season and the New Year, or the summer solstice, or both. North-facing temples were constructed so that their principal axes faced the mountain. As such these temples are believed to be dedicated to, or associated with, Kū, the deity linked to the high mountains, to the sky, and to forests.

Keywords:   Hawaiian gods, religion, temples, heiau, Hawaii, Kahikinui

Hawaii Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.