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Kua'aina KahikoLife and Land in Ancient Kahikinui, Maui$
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Patrick Vinton Kirch

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780824839550

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824839550.001.0001

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How Many Maka‘āinana?

How Many Maka‘āinana?

(p.146) 11 How Many Maka‘āinana?
Kua'aina Kahiko

Patrick Vinton Kirch

University of Hawai'i Press

This chapter addresses the question of how many people once lived in the vast moku of Kahikinui. The first Hawaiian farmers permanently settled the district around A.D. 1400. Initially, the population density was low, only about 12 persons per square kilometer in the lowlands. But the population grew steadily, until it reached a peak in the eighteenth century, when the population density averaged between 43 and 57 persons per square kilometer in the lowlands (below 900 meters elevation). At its peak, the total population of the moku was probably not less than 3,000 people but was unlikely to have been greater than 4,100 people. After European contact, there was a sickening population decline down to around 500 Hawaiians in the 1830s, and even fewer after that, until the land was completely abandoned around 1895.

Keywords:   human population, paleodemography, Hawaiian population, Hawaii, Kahikinui

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