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Sovereign SugarIndustry and Environment in Hawaii$
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Carol A. MacLennan

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780824839499

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824839499.001.0001

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Sugar’s End

(p.275) Conclusion
Sovereign Sugar

Carol A. MacLennan

University of Hawai'i Press

This concluding chapter charts the decline of Hawaiʻi's sugar industry during the 1970s to 1980s, as the state came to the conclusion that there were better uses for Hawaiʻi's cane lands. Expansive agricultural fields and the ready water from irrigation projects provided opportunities for diversified agriculture, housing projects, and resort development. From the position of “saving sugar” in 1979 to the search for other economic opportunities for cane lands in 1989, the Hawaiian government had traveled a long road in just ten years. Although gone from the landscape, the mark of sugar remains today in Hawaiʻi's land use and water policies and in the lives of people who worked and grew up in its sugar economy. Acting as an invisible force, sugar's ghost continues to frequent the islands with its legacy of economic dominance.

Keywords:   cane lands, sugar industry, economic opportunity, land use, water policies, sugar economy, economic dominance

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