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Sovereign SugarIndustry and Environment in Hawaii$
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Carol A. MacLennan

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780824839499

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824839499.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM HAWAII SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.hawaii.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Hawaii University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in HSO for personal use.date: 03 July 2022

An Island Tour

An Island Tour


(p.201) Nine An Island Tour
Sovereign Sugar

Carol A. MacLennan

University of Hawai'i Press

This chapter presents some land use reports from the 1930s, which shows the state of Hawaiʻi's environment after nearly a millennium of human occupation and agricultural use of the island landscape. John Wesley Coulter, a geography professor at the University of Hawaiʻi, provided the territorial government with data on land use in the islands. His major reports in 1933 and 1939 provide a good view of the changes brought by the industrialization of Hawaiʻi's agriculture. His maps are reproduced in this chapter, and reveal the extent of the plantation's replacement of natural and human Hawaiian landscapes. Except for the lava fields and the highest alpine lands of Haleakalā, Mauna Loa, and Mauna Kea, all available land had a direct economic use. Even the forests were devoted to water production for irrigation.

Keywords:   land use, Hawaiʻi, industrialization, Hawaiian landscapes, irrigation, environmental change

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