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Sovereign SugarIndustry and Environment in Hawaii$
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Carol A. MacLennan

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780824839499

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824839499.001.0001

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Sugar’s Industrial Complex

Sugar’s Industrial Complex

(p.145) Seven Sugar’s Industrial Complex
Sovereign Sugar

Carol A. MacLennan

University of Hawai'i Press

This chapter chronicles the rise of the industrial plantation, which formed the core of a vast sugar-making complex that spread throughout the islands. Beginning in the 1880s, the industrial plantation changed a mixed agricultural and trade-oriented landscape into one organized by the needs of sugar. Fifty years later, this dominant industrial system drew heavily from the forests and waters of interior island ecologies. It populated cane (and pineapple) growing districts largely with communities of noncitizen workers. And to a great extent, it directed the natural resource policies of the territorial government. To chart the origins of this industrial system, the chapter starts with the plantation and then investigates how it drew from forest and land to expand its domain.

Keywords:   industrial plantation, industrial system, interior island ecology, cane growing districts, natural resource policy

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