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Sovereign SugarIndustry and Environment in Hawaii$
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Carol A. MacLennan

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780824839499

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824839499.001.0001

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Agricultural Landscapes

Agricultural Landscapes

(p.103) Five Agricultural Landscapes
Sovereign Sugar

Carol A. MacLennan

University of Hawai'i Press

This chapter explores the origins of the early sugar business in Hawaiʻi and the landscape that had formed part of this history. It starts with a tour of the inhabited islands in the 1840s and 1850s, describing the diversified economy that sustained its population of primarily Hawaiians, and a few foreigners, with food and goods. Prior to its industrial era there was a mixed Hawaiian economy largely based on a diversified mix of subsistence and export agriculture. This is the landscape that disappeared as sugar claimed its territory. The chapter then turns to the first sugar ventures and explores their early failures, successes, and relationship with the emerging constitutional government.

Keywords:   pre-industrial Hawaiʻi, early sugar business, early sugar industry, diversified economy, subsistence economy, export agriculture, sugar ventures

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