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Sovereign SugarIndustry and Environment in Hawaii$
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Carol A. MacLennan

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780824839499

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824839499.001.0001

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Waves of Influence

Waves of Influence

(p.12) One Waves of Influence
Sovereign Sugar

Carol A. MacLennan

University of Hawai'i Press

This chapter argues that Hawaiʻi's industrialized environment is the product of ecological changes that occurred before introduction of sugar production as well as after. According to recent archaeological and ecosystem science investigations, human activity in this remote archipelago has had significant consequences. Hawaiian agriculture and European trade started a process of ecological change that industrial agriculture had to address in order to advance. Untangling the influences of the waves of human economic activity is thus important to sugar's environmental story. Hence the chapter explores the impacts brought about by the first wave of human presence on Hawaiʻi—early Polynesian settlers from roughly around A.D. 1000—to its second wave of human influence—the Europeans who reached island shores in the late eighteenth century.

Keywords:   human economic activity, human influence, Polynesians, Europeans, ecological change, Hawaiian agriculture, European trade

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