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Sovereign SugarIndustry and Environment in Hawaii$
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Carol A. MacLennan

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780824839499

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824839499.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM HAWAII SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.hawaii.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Hawaii University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in HSO for personal use.date: 03 July 2022

Waves of Influence

Waves of Influence

Chapter:
(p.12) One Waves of Influence
Source:
Sovereign Sugar
Author(s):

Carol A. MacLennan

Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:10.21313/hawaii/9780824839499.003.0002

This chapter argues that Hawaiʻi's industrialized environment is the product of ecological changes that occurred before introduction of sugar production as well as after. According to recent archaeological and ecosystem science investigations, human activity in this remote archipelago has had significant consequences. Hawaiian agriculture and European trade started a process of ecological change that industrial agriculture had to address in order to advance. Untangling the influences of the waves of human economic activity is thus important to sugar's environmental story. Hence the chapter explores the impacts brought about by the first wave of human presence on Hawaiʻi—early Polynesian settlers from roughly around A.D. 1000—to its second wave of human influence—the Europeans who reached island shores in the late eighteenth century.

Keywords:   human economic activity, human influence, Polynesians, Europeans, ecological change, Hawaiian agriculture, European trade

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