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Hawaii's Scenic RoadsPaving the Way for Tourism in the Islands$
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Dawn E. Duensing

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780824839284

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824839284.001.0001

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Haleakalā Highway

Haleakalā Highway

Bringing the World to Maui

(p.214) Chapter Seven Haleakalā Highway
Hawaii's Scenic Roads

Dawn E. Duensing

University of Hawai'i Press

Haleakalā Highway within Haleakalā National Park was built with federal relief funding in 1935 to provide automobile access to Haleakalā Crater and “bring the world to Maui.” The debate that led to its construction demonstrates that Hawai‘i’s leaders publicly and aggressively advocated for scenic roads as commercial enterprises necessary to promote tourism. Maui businessmen, primarily through the Chamber of Commerce, spearheaded the drive for the road and effectively facilitated cooperation between various institutions and individuals at the local, territorial, and national levels. Haleakalā Highway combined the National Park Service’s landscape preservation ethic with the Bureau of Public Road’s highest technical standards to produce a modern road that traversed stark, almost treeless country, yet seamlessly blended with its natural environment. Developing Haleakalā Highway was also part of a spirited competition between the islands of Hawai‘i and Maui that saw both islands in a race to attract tourists.

Keywords:   Hawai`i, scenic roads, tourism, Haleakalā National Park, landscape architecture, environmental history, politics, Great Depression, emergency relief, National Park Service

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