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Hawaii's Scenic RoadsPaving the Way for Tourism in the Islands$
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Dawn E. Duensing

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780824839284

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824839284.001.0001

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NPS Roads on Hawai‘i

NPS Roads on Hawai‘i

Lying Lightly on the Land

(p.176) Chapter Six NPS Roads on Hawai‘i
Hawaii's Scenic Roads

Dawn E. Duensing

University of Hawai'i Press

In the mid 1800s Hawai`i's government and private entrepreneurs began building roads to Kīlauea Volcano in order to facilitate tourism. In 1916 Congress established Hawaiʻi National Park, thereafter the National Park Service assumed the lead role in developing byways that not only provided access to volcanic attractions, but presented landscapes that had been admired by foreigners since the early 1800s. Crater Rim Road, Chain of Craters Road, and the Mauna Loa Truck Trail integrated the park service's landscape preservation ethic with the Bureau of Public Road’s technical standards, resulting in modern roads that blended with the natural environment. Some roads were built using relief funds during the Great Depression. The Civilian Conservation Corps also worked on several projects. These byways reflected general trends found throughout the national park system but were also subject to Hawai‘i’s unique geological and climatic conditions, which continually challenged park service officials.

Keywords:   Hawai`i, scenic roads, tourism, Hawai`i Volcanoes National Park, environmental history, landscape architecture, politics, Civilian Conservation Corps, National Park Service

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