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Hawaii's Scenic RoadsPaving the Way for Tourism in the Islands$
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Dawn E. Duensing

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780824839284

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824839284.001.0001

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Hawai‘i Drives Its Way into the Union

Hawai‘i Drives Its Way into the Union

(p.66) Chapter Three Hawai‘i Drives Its Way into the Union
Hawaii's Scenic Roads

Dawn E. Duensing

University of Hawai'i Press

The mundane issue of roads helped clarify one of the most important questions of Hawai`i’s years as a U.S. territory: What was its status within the Union? In 1900 Congress organized a government for Hawai`i and diverted its customs collections to the US Treasury, exacerbating the territory's financial situation. Hawai`i subsequently had insufficient funds for infrastructure and other programs, including many that had customarily been federal responsibilities. Key leaders—delegate to Congress Kalaniana`ole, governors, and Lorrin Thurston—recognized that Hawai`i’s legal right to federal appropriations were guaranteed by the Organic Act. From 1906 until 1924 they worked to recapture some of the taxes paid to Washington. Roads played a critical role in these efforts, which culminated in the Hawai`i Bill of Rights, and helped convince Congress to grant federal appropriations, especially Federal Highway Aid. Hawai`i stepped on the path to greater economic and political ties with the United States and eventually, statehood.

Keywords:   history, politics, Hawai`i Bill of Rights, Organic Act, Congress, Federal Highway Aid, roads, Jonah Kūhiō Kalanianaole, Wallace R. Farrington, US possessions

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