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Non-Traditional Security Issues in North Korea$
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Kyung-Ae Park

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780824837396

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824837396.001.0001

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International Legal Perspectives on North Korean Refugee Issues

International Legal Perspectives on North Korean Refugee Issues

(p.183) Chapter 8 International Legal Perspectives on North Korean Refugee Issues
Non-Traditional Security Issues in North Korea

Shin-Wha Lee

University of Hawai'i Press

This chapter discusses how the North Korean defector problem began to come under the international spotlight as the result of several deliberate defection attempts that were often, since the first years of the twenty-first century, facilitated by international nongovernment organizations (NGOs). With the passage of the North Korean Human Rights Act, signed by US President George W. Bush in 2004, the adoption of North Korean human rights-related resolutions by the United Nations every year since 2005, and various accusations by NGOs over human rights violations in North Korea, the country’s human rights record has drawn significant international attention. Conversely, there have been certain observations suggesting that North Korean human rights issues, including the defector problem, might instigate a regime change in North Korea. Thus, arguments have arisen over whether or not human rights issues in the North should be related to political and security agendas.

Keywords:   North Korean defector problem, North Korean defector, NGO, George W. Bush, North Korean Human Rights Act, human rights issues

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