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Non-Traditional Security Issues in North Korea$
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Kyung-Ae Park

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780824837396

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824837396.001.0001

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The External Dimension of North Korea’s Food Security

The External Dimension of North Korea’s Food Security

Securing Outside Supplies of Food, Fertilizer, and Fuel

(p.133) Chapter 6 The External Dimension of North Korea’s Food Security
Non-Traditional Security Issues in North Korea

Mark E. Manyin

University of Hawai'i Press

This chapter looks at the external component of North Korea’s food-security situation, particularly during the famine and postfamine period. Between 1997 and 2008, North Korean diplomacy brought in a rather stable inflow of food aid, cumulatively totaling over twelve million metric tons (MT). Four countries—China, South Korea, the United States, and Japan—have dominated the provision of food aid to North Korea, accounting for over eighty percent of total donations. By the middle of that decade, the North Korean government was sufficiently emboldened by its successful food-aid diplomacy and several better harvests to impose new restrictions on the operations of the World Food Programme in the country.

Keywords:   North Korean diplomacy, World Food Programme, North Korean government, food-aid diplomacy, food-security situation

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