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Non-Traditional Security Issues in North Korea$
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Kyung-Ae Park

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780824837396

Published to Hawaii Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824837396.001.0001

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Gender Security in North Korea

Gender Security in North Korea

(p.51) Chapter 3 Gender Security in North Korea
Non-Traditional Security Issues in North Korea

Kyung-Ae Park

University of Hawai'i Press

This chapter explores the gendered impacts of the economic crisis in order to examine how it has affected women’s economic security in North Korea. North Korean women experienced a series of profound changes in the post-socialist revolution era. During the state-building period, North Korea promulgated various laws, including the Law on Sex Equality, which emphasized equal rights in all spheres, aiming for the most progressive change in the traditional position of women. Despite the legal provisions and institutional mechanisms for improving women’s lot in the economy, however, North Korean women never achieved a level of economic security equal to that of men. Women continued to receive lower wages than men and remained concentrated in occupations with low wage levels and high wage differences between men and women.

Keywords:   gendered impacts, economic crisis, Law on Sex Equality, North Korean women, post-socialist revolution, women, economic security

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